So, 50 years ago, opens a story in Electronics Weekly's edition of October 26th 1960.
The story continues:
'Dr W Shockley (Nobel Prize winner) gave a very detailed analysis of effects which occur in pn junctions. In his theory of the breakdown of pn junction, he started out from the work and results in Czechoslovakia during the study of quantum efficiency.'
'Dr Shockley reported on the discovery of a new effect which permits the study of the action of a current of phonons on a current of electronics in silicon.'
'Professor J Bardeen, Nobel prize winner, stressed the importance of basic physical research into semiconductors, which are the centre of scientific and technical interest, for a deeper knowledge of the laws governing these substances.'