The East Coast Semiconductor Industry
It was only the personal predilection of William Shockley that made California the capital of the silicon industry.
Before Shockley Semiconductor, the American semiconductor industry was based on the East Coast, along Rout 128 near Boston.
Here could be found Clevite, Sylvania, Transitron, CBS Electronics, Sprague, Tungsol, Philco with AT&T and RCA in New Jersey and GE in New York.
These were the leading companies which drove the semiconductor industry from a $5.1 million industry in 1954 to a $50 million industry by the end of the decade.
And there, in the East, if it hadn’t vbeen for William Shockley, the industry would have stayed.