MEMS sound great, but can it last?
The MEMS (microelectromechanical system) market is starting to motor. It grew at just over 10% last year and is likely to grow even faster this year.
This is good news for the ‘newest’ semiconductor device market. But can it continue to grow at this rate?
Market analyst Yole Développement has already warned of price pressures pegging back revenue growth over the next few years.
According to Yole, price pressure will limit market growth and from 2013-2019 consumer market revenue will only grow modestly at 13%.
But MEMS suppliers have a bigger worry. The market is growing largely because of a single product type – the MEMS microphone.
Even more worrying, apart from sales (a few 100,000s a year) for specialist products such hearing aids, the MEMS microphone market is overly dependent on the smartphone and one customer in particular - Apple.
Two years ago, the adoption of MEMS microphones in smartphones, offering both small size and audio quality benefits, has injected the fledgling MEMS market with steroids.
According to IHS, just two suppliers Knowles and Infineon Technologies dominate the market for MEMS microphones.
According to IHS, Infineon’s MEMS sales grew by 50% between 2012 and 2013.
But as with such things, the question is how long can it last?
It is never good for a semiconductor market to be too dependent on a single product type.
The hand that so easily giveth can just as easily take away.
The smartphone market is an exacting place to operate if you are a component supplier. Ask flash memory suppliers and look what decimation has happened in the mobile chipset market.
Only the big and powerful survive. And have the MEMS microphone suppliers the strength to stand up to the likes of Apple and Samsung when margins are being squeezed.
MEMS is still a young technology, which means it may not see the cost reduction benefits of maturity fast enough for the smartphone makers.
“The MEMS microphone supply chain must overestimate component supplies in order to ensure it can meet Apple’s demand,” said Marwan Boustany, senior analyst for MEMS and sensors at IHS. “This, in turn, leads to microphone inventory being accumulated at every point in the supply chain.
One answer to the cost of production issue is the fabless model. It has happened in the chipset market and there is every likelihood it will come to dominate the MEMS market before much longer.
If you cannot rely on the comparative luxury of specialist device markets such as mil-aero, medical and high-rel, then you cannot absorb those extra few dollars a part when fabbing your MEMS microphones.
Consumer markets are unforgiving of cost-inefficiency, and the smartphone market is the most unforgiving market of them all.Tags: Apple, audio, Infineon, MEMS, Samsung, smartphones